For the biscuits
- 3 cups all-purpose flour (preferably King Arthur brand flour)
- 2 tablespoons sugar
- 4 teaspoons baking powder
- ½ teaspoon baking soda
- 1 ½ teaspoons salt
- 16 tablespoons (2 sticks) unsalted butter, frozen for at least 30 minutes
- 1 ¼ cups buttermilk, chilled
For the gravy
- 16 ounces ground breakfast sausage (I use turkey breakfast sausage)
- 4 tablespoons unsalted butter
- 1/2 cup all-purpose flour
- 5 cups milk (whole milk is best but I usually use low-fat)
- Kosher salt
- Freshly ground pepper
For the biscuits
- Line a rimmed baking sheet with parchment paper and set aside.
- Whisk flour, sugar, baking powder, baking soda, and salt together in a large bowl. Get one stick of butter from the freezer, unwrap it and coat it lightly in the flour mixture. Then grate 7 tablespoons from the stick of butter directly into the flour mixture using the large holes of a box grater. Reserve the last tablespoon of butter for later. Repeat with second stick of butter. Toss grated butter and flour mixture together gently to combine.
- Add buttermilk to flour mixture and fold with a spatula until ingredients are just combined. The dough will still be dry and crumbly at this point. Transfer dough to a liberally floured surface. Dust more flour on the surface of the dough and using floured hands, press the dough together into a rough 7-inch square.
- Roll dough into a 12 by 9-inch rectangle with short side parallel to edge of counter. Starting at bottom of dough, fold into thirds like a business letter, using a bench scraper or metal spatula to release dough from counter. Press top of dough firmly to seal folds. Turn dough 90 degrees clockwise so that short side is parallel to edge of counter again. Repeat rolling into 12 by 9-inch rectangle, folding into thirds, and turning clockwise 4 more times, for total of 5 sets of folds. After last set of folds, roll dough into 8 1/2-inch square about 1 inch thick. Transfer dough to prepared baking sheet, cover with plastic wrap, and refrigerate for at least 30 minutes and up to overnight.
- When ready to bake, heat oven to 400 degrees. Melt the reserved 2 tablespoons of butter. Set aside.
- Transfer chilled dough to lightly floured cutting board. Using a sharp, large knife, trim 1/4 inch of dough from each side of square and discard. Cut remaining dough into 9 squares. You can flour the knife if it sticks to the dough. Arrange cut biscuits at least 1 inch apart on baking sheet. Brush tops of biscuits with melted butter. Bake until tops are golden brown, 15 to 25 minutes, rotating sheet halfway through baking. Transfer biscuits to wire rack and let cool slightly before serving.
For the gravy
- While biscuits are baking, cook sausage in a large cast iron skillet over medium heat, stirring occasionally and breaking up any large chunks of meat with a spatula or wooden spoon. Cook until sausage is browned and cooked through, 5-8 minutes. Transfer to a small bowl with a slotted spoon.
- Add butter to drippings in pan and melt over medium-low heat. Whisk flour into butter mixture and cook, whisking constantly, for about 2 minutes. Try not to let the mixture brown.
- Gradually add milk, whisking until incorporated. Reduce heat to medium-low and cook gravy, whisking occasionally, until thickened, 8-10 minutes. Stir in sausage; season with salt and pepper.
- Serve gravy over warm biscuits.
The dough will look very dry until you have rolled and folded it a couple of times. Don’t be tempted to add more milk.
You shouldn’t need to drain off any of the drippings unless you have an excess amount (like more than a couple of teaspoons).
Recipe for biscuits adapted from Cook’s Illustrated.
Recipe for gravy adapted from Bon Appétit, Oct 2015.